Churchill [as early as 1946] makes clear that this United States of Europe should not include Britain:
There is already a natural grouping in the Western Hemisphere. We British have our own Commonwealth of Nations. Why should there not be a European group which could give a sense of enlarged patriotism and common citizenship to the distracted peoples of this turbulent and mighty continent and why should it not take its rightful place with other great groupings in shaping the destinies of men?
In case anyone had missed the point, Churchill ended with a call for Britain and the Commonwealth, along with the United States and perhaps even Russia, to “be the friends and sponsors of the new Europe, and champion its right to live and shine”.
Hannan and a number of his fellow Center-Right MEPs are working out the details of a new proposal to achieve that:
a European Common Market—a lightly but effectively regulated free trade area, stretching from Iceland and the Faroe Islands to Turkey and Armenia—within which a smaller group of states could form a political union without prejudice to the non-participants.
At this point, it’s a long shot, but today is different from 1946. There’s a better chance. I say good luck to Hannan and his fellows.