Opportunity Inequality and Outcome Inequality

From The Federalist No 10:

There are two methods of curing the mischiefs of faction: the one, by removing its causes; the other, by controlling its effects.

There are again two methods of removing the causes of faction: the one, by destroying the liberty which is essential to its existence; the other, by giving to every citizen the same opinions, the same passions, and the same interests.

But it could not be less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction, than it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to animal life, because it imparts to fire its destructive agency.

The second expedient is as impracticable as the first would be unwise.  As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed.  As long as the connection subsists between his reason and his self-love, his opinions and his passions will have a reciprocal influence on each other….  The diversity in the faculties of men, from which the rights of property originate, is not less an insuperable obstacle to a uniformity of interests.  The protection of these faculties is the first object of government.

Whence the modern Liberals’ (in stark contrast to this view, typical of 18th Century Liberals) disdain for the equality of opportunity that allows each man to show the best that there is in him—and so necessarily leads to unequal outcomes?  Whence the drive of our modern Liberals to render unequal our access to opportunity that, aside from being at the foundation of our country are central to our society’s overall prosperity, by capping every man’s final success and driving us to equal (and impoverished) outcomes?


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